8th Grade Social Studies-Mrs. Spadafora

Monthly Themes:

September - Unity
October - Empathy
November - Charity
December -Love
January - Respect
February - Sacrifice

March - Mercy
April - Care of Creation
May - Holiness
June- Reflection

Charity is a gift from God that enables us to love Him above all things and to love our neighbor as we love ourselves. 

Matthew 25:40 - Amen I say to you, whatever I say to you, whatever you did for one of these least brothers of mine, you did for me.

Industry and Urban Growth (1865–1915)

Chinese immigrants at the turn of the century
Courtesy Library of Congress


After the Civil War, the United States experienced rapid industrial growth. As businesses increased in size and power, workers organized to demand better conditions. Cities grew rapidly, leading to new challenges and a new way of life. Also at this time, millions of new immigrants came to the United States seeking freedom and economic opportunities. In the United States, education became more widely available and many states made education for children compulsory. Education served as a way to introduce immigrants and their children to the English language and to American culture. A more literate American public led to a boom in the publication of books and newspapers.

Chapter Outline

Section 1: A New Industrial Revolution
Section 2: Big Business and Organized Labor
Section 3: Cities Grow and Change
Section 4: The New Immigrants
Section 5: Education and Culture