8th Grade Social Studies-Mrs. Spadafora

January Theme:  Initiative

(Proverbs 22:29; Ephesians 5:8-14; Philippians 3:14; 4:13-15; Proverbs 22:29; Ephesians 5:8-14; Philippians 3:14; 4:13-15; Hebrews 10:24-25)

Initiative will take the front position to recognize and do what needs to be done before being asked to do it. This character will help power us though set backs, failures, adversities, persecution, oppositions, injustice, and ingratitude. It is not about being a leader as much as it is motivating yourself to grasp what Christ has in store for you. It is the moving of yourself, using your resources and ingenuity to serve. We cannot stand for Him, or move for Him, if we do not arise, and get off the couch. We must make the move and get on with the life that Christ gave us. Christ said for us to rise out of our sleep! (Hebrews 10:24-25) 


Political Reform and the Progressive Era (1870–1920)

The political cartoon "Hugging a Delusion" showed that some thought that women would never attain suffrage
Courtesy The League of Women Voters of the United States

Chapter Outline

Section 1: The Gilded Age and Progressive Reform
Section 2: The Progressive Presidents
Section 3: The Rights of Women
Section 4: Struggles for Justice


Reformers known as Progressives tried to end government corruption, limit the influence of big business, and end the inequalities in society. Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson supported some Progressive reforms.

During the Progressive era, many Americans struggled for equality. After decades of effort, women won the right to vote in 1919. Yet, African Americans, Mexican Americans, Asian Americans, and religious minorities faced discrimination in society and the work place.








Immigration in America 
Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930
Clash of Cultures in the 1910s and 1920s: Immigration Restriction 

Google Classroom Codes:
Religion 8-3: 7fs4ro
Religion 8-4: 978ksa
SS 8-1: u8hqfwu
SS 8-2: o90rcg6
SS 8-3: 2abu9xg
SS 8-4: fc31lee